Index 611 dot product, 209 double exponential distribution, see Laplace distribution Dunnet contrasts, 453, 497 empirical rule, 138 equally likely rule, 33 estimand, 184 estimate, 184 interval, 183 point, 183 estimator, 183, 184 event, 28, 92, 550 exact test, see permutation test expected value, 65, 93 explanatory variable, 324 exponential distribution, 120, 121, 132, 154, 239, 287 exponential generating function, see generating function extended real number, 128 F(m, n), see F -distribution F -distribution, 213, 237 F -statistic, 348, 391 factor, 4, 423 factorial, 554 fair coin, see coin toss false positive, 101 family of distributions, 92, 177 familywise error, 444 familywise error rate, 444, 453 first digit, see Benford’s Law Fisher’s exact test, 86, 295, see also fisher.test() Fisher, R. A., xvi, xviii, 230, 318, 399 fitting a model, 234 five-number summary, 15 flush, 38, 41 football, 225, 400 formula, 7 for a linear model, 327, 459 four-step method, 57, 267 free parameter, 271, 281 frequentist, 304 full house, 98 function, 552 functions in R, see function(), 535 FUSION, 422, 486 G2-statistic, see chi-squared statistic game, 60 gamma distribution, 141, 141, 239 gamma function, 140 Gamma(λ, α), see gamma distribution generalized linear model, 377, 378, 389 generating function, 129 genetics, 48, 257, 318 Geom(π), see geometric distribution geometric distribution, 56, 56, 68, 75, 77, 85, 95, 104 geometric series, 129, 554 ghost, 60 golf, 227, 279–281 goodness of fit testing, 144, 279 Gosset, W. S., 213, 371, 396 grade point average, 328, 394, 420 greedy algorithm, 482 group, 423 GUI for R, 512 Rcmdr, 512 JGR (Java GUI for R), 512 Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, 257 hat matrix, 337 heavy tails, 217 height, 326 helium, 225 heteroskedasticity, 363, 420 Hill, Theodore P., 91 hinge, 22 histogram, 5, see also histogram(), 528 homoskedasticity, 363 Hyper(m, n, k), see hypergeometric distribution hypergeometric distribution, 83, 83, 84, 85, 95 hypothesis, 57 hypothesis test, 57, 92 identically distributed, 133 iid random sample, 186 improper prior, 308 inclusion-exclusion, 99 independence conditional, 107 independent random variables, 73, 158 independent variable, 324 indicator function, 553 indicator variable, 327 inference, 200 injection, 34 interaction, 460, 470 interaction plot, 463
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