viii CONTENTS 5.5. Jones-Kauffman TQFTs 68 5.6. Diagram TQFTs 69 5.7. Reshetikhin-Turaev TQFTs 71 5.8. Turaev-Viro TQFTs 71 5.9. From MTCs to TQFTs 72 Chapter 6. TQFTs in Nature 73 6.1. Emergence and anyons 73 6.2. FQHE and Chern-Simons theory 75 6.3. Algebraic theory of anyons 78 6.4. Intrinsic entanglement 86 Chapter 7. Topological Quantum Computers 89 7.1. Anyonic quantum computers 89 7.2. Ising quantum computer 91 7.3. Fibonacci quantum computer 92 7.4. Universality of anyonic quantum computers 93 7.5. Topological quantum compiling 94 7.6. Approximation of quantum invariants 94 7.7. Adaptive and measurement-only TQC 95 Chapter 8. Topological phases of matter 97 8.1. Doubled quantum liquids 97 8.2. Chiral quantum liquids 102 8.3. CFT and Holo=Mono 104 8.4. Bulk-edge correspondence 104 8.5. Interacting anyons and topological symmetry 105 8.6. Topological phase transition 106 8.7. Fault tolerance 106 Chapter 9. Outlook and Open Problems 109 9.1. Physics 109 9.2. Computer science 110 9.3. Mathematics 110 Bibliography 111
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