Preface The Council for African American Researchers in the Mathematical Sciences (CAARMS) is a group dedicated to organizing an annual conference that show- cases the current research primarily, but not exclusively, of African Americans in the mathematical sciences, which includes mathematics, operations research, sta- tistics, and computer science. Held annually since 1995, the Conference for African American Researchers in the Mathematical Sciences (also called CAARMS) has had significant numbers of African American researchers presenting their work in hour long technical presentations and African American graduate students present- ing their current work in an organized poster session. These events create a forum for mentoring and networking, where attendees can meet an audience of African American researchers and graduate students interested in such fields. The members of the council work on other issues such as strategies for increasing the number of doctoral recipients from underrepresented minority groups. Although the current proceedings are considered to be "Volume III" of this series, Volumes I and II were published under different titles. Volume I is called "African Americans in Mathematics" and contains proceedings from the second CAARMS meeting, called CAARMS2, held June 25-28, 1996 at the Center for Discrete Mathematics and Computer Science (DIMACS) in Piscataway, New Jer- sey. It is also Volume 34 of the Series in Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science. Volume II is called "African Americans in Mathematics II" and contains the proceedings from the CAARMS4 meeting, held June 16-19, 1998 at Rice University, in Houston, Texas. It is Volume 252 of the Contemporary Mathe- matics Series of the American Mathematical Society. Henceforth, the current title of Volume III, "Council for African American Researchers in the Mathematical Sci- ences" will be the permanent title for the series. This volume includes research and expository papers presented at both the CAARMS3 meeting held June 17-20, 1997 at Morgan State University in Baltimore, Maryland and at the CAARMS5 meeting held June 22-25 1999 at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Michigan. The work covers a wide range of mathematics and every reader will find something of interest. Some papers are comprehensive surveys of research topics for which no text book exists. Other papers develop mathematics to obtain a deeper theoretical insight into mathematics or to solve problems in manufacturing and oceanography. Finally, some papers discuss new ways to view the totality of mathematics and move be• ')nd the "pure" versus "applied" paradigm. The general style is rather expository which should help the reader. Those meriting special thanks include the organizers of the CAARMS5 meet- ing: William Massey from Bell Laboratories of Lucent Technologies, Leon Woodson from Morgan State University, and our University of Michigan hosts John Birge, ix

Purchased from American Mathematical Society for the exclusive use of nofirst nolast (email unknown) Copyright 2001 American Mathematical Society. Duplication prohibited. Please report unauthorized use to cust-serv@ams.org. Thank You! Your purchase supports the AMS' mission, programs, and services for the mathematical community.