Preface
The Council for African American Researchers in the Mathematical Sciences
(CAARMS) is a group dedicated to organizing an annual conference that show-
cases the current research primarily, but not exclusively, of African Americans in
the mathematical sciences, which includes mathematics, operations research, sta-
tistics, and computer science. Held annually since 1995, the Conference for African
American Researchers in the Mathematical Sciences (also called CAARMS) has
had significant numbers of African American researchers presenting their work in
hour long technical presentations and African American graduate students present-
ing their current work in an organized poster session. These events create a forum
for mentoring and networking, where attendees can meet an audience of African
American researchers and graduate students interested in such fields. The members
of the council work on other issues such as strategies for increasing the number of
doctoral recipients from underrepresented minority groups.
Although the current proceedings are considered to be "Volume III" of this
series, Volumes I and II were published under different titles. Volume I is called
"African Americans in Mathematics" and contains proceedings from the second
CAARMS meeting, called CAARMS2, held June 25-28, 1996 at the Center for
Discrete Mathematics and Computer Science (DIMACS) in Piscataway, New Jer-
sey.
It
is also Volume 34 of the Series in Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical
Computer Science. Volume II is called "African Americans in Mathematics II" and
contains the proceedings from the CAARMS4 meeting, held June 16-19, 1998 at
Rice University, in Houston, Texas.
It
is Volume 252 of the Contemporary Mathe-
matics Series of the American Mathematical Society. Henceforth, the current title
of Volume III, "Council for African American Researchers in the Mathematical Sci-
ences" will be the permanent title for the series. This volume includes research and
expository papers presented at both the CAARMS3 meeting held June 17-20, 1997
at Morgan State University in Baltimore, Maryland and at the CAARMS5 meeting
held June 22-25 1999 at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Michigan. The
work covers a wide range of mathematics and every reader will find something of
interest. Some papers are comprehensive surveys of research topics for which no
text book exists. Other papers develop mathematics to obtain a deeper theoretical
insight into mathematics or to solve problems in manufacturing and oceanography.
Finally, some papers discuss new ways to view the totality of mathematics and
move be•;')nd the "pure" versus "applied" paradigm. The general style is rather
expository which should help the reader.
Those meriting special thanks include the organizers of the CAARMS5 meet-
ing: William Massey from Bell Laboratories of Lucent Technologies, Leon Woodson
from Morgan State University, and our University of Michigan hosts John Birge,
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