Preface

The Council for African American Researchers in the Mathematical Sciences

(CAARMS) is a group dedicated to organizing an annual conference that show-

cases the current research primarily, but not exclusively, of African Americans in

the mathematical sciences, which includes mathematics, operations research, sta-

tistics, and computer science. Held annually since 1995, the Conference for African

American Researchers in the Mathematical Sciences (also called CAARMS) has

had significant numbers of African American researchers presenting their work in

hour long technical presentations and African American graduate students present-

ing their current work in an organized poster session. These events create a forum

for mentoring and networking, where attendees can meet an audience of African

American researchers and graduate students interested in such fields. The members

of the council work on other issues such as strategies for increasing the number of

doctoral recipients from underrepresented minority groups.

Although the current proceedings are considered to be "Volume III" of this

series, Volumes I and II were published under different titles. Volume I is called

"African Americans in Mathematics" and contains proceedings from the second

CAARMS meeting, called CAARMS2, held June 25-28, 1996 at the Center for

Discrete Mathematics and Computer Science (DIMACS) in Piscataway, New Jer-

sey.

It

is also Volume 34 of the Series in Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical

Computer Science. Volume II is called "African Americans in Mathematics II" and

contains the proceedings from the CAARMS4 meeting, held June 16-19, 1998 at

Rice University, in Houston, Texas.

It

is Volume 252 of the Contemporary Mathe-

matics Series of the American Mathematical Society. Henceforth, the current title

of Volume III, "Council for African American Researchers in the Mathematical Sci-

ences" will be the permanent title for the series. This volume includes research and

expository papers presented at both the CAARMS3 meeting held June 17-20, 1997

at Morgan State University in Baltimore, Maryland and at the CAARMS5 meeting

held June 22-25 1999 at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Michigan. The

work covers a wide range of mathematics and every reader will find something of

interest. Some papers are comprehensive surveys of research topics for which no

text book exists. Other papers develop mathematics to obtain a deeper theoretical

insight into mathematics or to solve problems in manufacturing and oceanography.

Finally, some papers discuss new ways to view the totality of mathematics and

move be•;')nd the "pure" versus "applied" paradigm. The general style is rather

expository which should help the reader.

Those meriting special thanks include the organizers of the CAARMS5 meet-

ing: William Massey from Bell Laboratories of Lucent Technologies, Leon Woodson

from Morgan State University, and our University of Michigan hosts John Birge,

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