Biographical Note
Dorothy Maharam Stone was born in Parkersburg, West Virginia, in 1917.
After attending the Pittsburgh Public Schools she entered the Carnegie In-
stitute of Technology. Her unusual talent soon became apparent, and when
she received her B.S. degree in 1937, Professor
L. L.
Dines suggested that
she pursue graduate work at Bryn Mawr College. Its small graduate depart-
ment was at that time chaired by Anna Pell Wheeler, the leading American
woman mathematician of her day. Dorothy came to Bryn Mawr too late to
encounter Emmy Noether, who had died two years earlier, but she studied
with Professor G. A. Hedlund, with J. R. Kline at the University of Penn-
sylvania, and with Mrs. Wheeler, who took a special interest in her from
the start. During her third year, she wrote her dissertation, "On measure in
abstract sets." Mrs. Wheeler was formally her thesis advisor, but the ideas
were all Dorothy's own. I came on the scene in 1939, but interaction with
me was confined to its final stages. However, she was a member of my first
graduate class. Needless to say, I had reason to boast about the quality of
graduate students at Bryn Mawr! After she was admitted to the "ancient and
honorable company of scholars" in 1940, it was Mrs. Wheeler's earnest de-
sire that she should have a post-doctoral year at the Institute for Advanced
Study. Fellowship support was at that time not easy to come by, but Bryn
Mawr had a very small fund that had been collected as a memorial to Emmy
Noether and which was intended to encourage women in mathematics. On
the Department's recommendation, Dorothy was designated the first Emmy
Noether Fellow in Mathematics. Whether or not the small stipend "enabled"
her to go to Princeton, at least she did go, and that move turned out to be
even more serendipitous than the move from Pittsburgh to Bryn Mawr had
been. There she encountered Shizuo Kakutani, whose influence can already
be detected in the P.N.A.S. note which first brought her world recognition.
And, of course, it was there that she met Arthur Stone. He had come from
Cambridge, England, the year before, and was to receive his Ph.D. from
Princeton in 1941 and to spend the following year as a member of the Insti-
tute for Advanced Study. He and Dorothy were married in April of 1942.
They spent the next two years at Purdue University, and after a year in Wash-
ington, D.C., went to Cambridge, England, where for two years Arthur was a
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