MATHOGRAPHICAL REMARK xv to also attempt exercises rated PG (parental guidance), but may sometimes want to consult their instructor for a hint. It is also a good idea to double-check your solution with the instructor, especially if it looks trivial to you. Exercises rated R (restricted) are intended for mature audiences. The X-rated problems must not be attempted by anyone easily offended or discouraged. There is another important reason why we do not recommend skipping chapters. Mathematical formalism is a good thing, but it is secondary to the development of the ideas that are being formalised. In the spirit of A. W. Hurwitz, we shall introduce many of the more difficult concepts in stages: first intuitively, perhaps by a suggestive analogy, and later in the text with full mathematical rigor. By skipping ahead, you may miss the more rigorous treatments of a concept and become stuck with some vague intuitive notions that you should have long outgrown. The latter problem may be alleviated by making good use of the index. Also, a footnote often alerts the reader when telling the whole truth is postponed. If Theorem 4 of Chapter 17 is referred to in Chapter 17 itself, it will be called just Theorem 4. Outside of Chapter 17, it will be called Theorem 17.4. The end of a proof is usually marked by a • . Mathographical Remark The quotes of Rota and Kac are taken from Discrete thoughts, by Mark Kac, Gian-Carlo Rota and Jacob T. Schwartz, Birkhauser, Boston 1992, pages ix and 15.

Purchased from American Mathematical Society for the exclusive use of nofirst nolast (email unknown) Copyright 1996 American Mathematical Society. Duplication prohibited. Please report unauthorized use to cust-serv@ams.org. Thank You! Your purchase supports the AMS' mission, programs, and services for the mathematical community.