English translations of many of the most influential papers on the foundations
of mathematics written between 1879 and 1931 are reprinted in the book From
Frege to Godel: A Source-book in Mathematical Logic, 1879-1931, by Jean van
Heijenoort, Harvard University Press, 1967.
The question to what extent Cantor's personal view of sets included elements
of what we call "the architect's view" is a fascinating topic for philosophers and
historians of science. If you are interested in this issue, we recommend the book
Understanding the Infinite, by Shaughan Lavine, Harvard University Press, 1994.
Bertrand Russell found his Paradox in June 1901. He described it in a letter
to Frege written June 16, 1902, and apparently also in an earlier letter to Peano.
The paradox was first published in his book The Principles of Mathematics, vol. 1,
Cambridge University Press, 1903.
The original version of the paradox was different from ours. We gave here a
formulation of Russell's Paradox that very naturally leads to its resolution. If you
want to imagine the impression Russell's Paradox must have made on his contem-
poraries, please keep in mind that they were lacking the benefit of hindsight which
informed our choice of wording.
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