30 II. ON TRIANGLES
Exercise 9. The sum of the diagonals of a
[convex5]
quadrilateral is between
the semi-perimeter and the whole perimeter.
Exercise 10. The intersection point of the diagonals of a
[convex6]
quadrilat-
eral is the point in the plane such that the sum of its distances to the four vertices
is as small as possible.
Exercise 11. A median of a triangle is smaller than half the sum of the sides
surrounding it, and greater than the difference between this sum and half of the
third side.
Exercise 12. The sum of the medians of a triangle is greater than its semi-
perimeter and less than its whole perimeter.
Exercise 13. On a given line, find a point such that the sum of its distances
to two given points is as small as possible. Distinguish two cases, according to
whether the points are on the same side of the line or not. The second case can be
reduced to the first (by reflecting part of the figure in the given line).
Exercise 14. (Billiard problem.) Given a line xy and two points A, B on the
same side of the line, find a point M on this line such that AMx = BMy.
We obtain the same point as in the preceding problem.
Exercise 15. On a given line, find a point with the property that the difference
of its distances to two given points is as large as possible. Distinguish two cases,
according to whether the points are on the same side of the line or not.
5This
condition is not in the original text. See solution. –transl.
6See
the previous footnote. –transl.
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