# The Role of True Finiteness in the Admissible Recursively Enumerable Degrees

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*Noam Greenberg*

When attempting to generalize recursion theory to admissible ordinals, it may seem as if all classical priority constructions can be lifted to any admissible ordinal satisfying a sufficiently strong fragment of the replacement scheme. We show, however, that this is not always the case. In fact, there are some constructions which make an essential use of the notion of finiteness which cannot be replaced by the generalized notion of \(\alpha\)-finiteness. As examples we discuss both codings of models of arithmetic into the recursively enumerable degrees, and non-distributive lattice embeddings into these degrees. We show that if an admissible ordinal \(\alpha\) is effectively close to \(\omega\) (where this closeness can be measured by size or by cofinality) then such constructions may be performed in the \(\alpha\)-r.e. degrees, but otherwise they fail. The results of these constructions can be expressed in the first-order language of partially ordered sets, and so these results also show that there are natural elementary differences between the structures of \(\alpha\)-r.e. degrees for various classes of admissible ordinals \(\alpha\). Together with coding work which shows that for some \(\alpha\), the theory of the \(\alpha\)-r.e. degrees is complicated, we get that for every admissible ordinal \(\alpha\), the \(\alpha\)-r.e. degrees and the classical r.e. degrees are not elementarily equivalent.

#### Table of Contents

# Table of Contents

## The Role of True Finiteness in the Admissible Recursively Enumerable Degrees

- Contents v6 free
- Chapter 1. Introduction 18 free
- 1. The Results 411 free

- Chapter 2. Coding Into the R.E. Degrees 916
- Chapter 3. Coding Effective Successor Models 3340
- Chapter 4. A Negative Result Concerning Effective Successor Models 5966
- Chapter 5. A Nonembedding Result 6370
- Chapter 6. Embedding the 1-3-1 Lattice 6572
- Appendix A. Basics 7986
- Appendix B. The Jump 8592
- Appendix C. The Projectum 8996
- Appendix D. The Admissible Collapse 9198
- Appendix E. Prompt Permission 95102
- Bibliography 97104