1. BIFURCATION DIAGRAMS 11


d
1
λ
μ1
p−q
ν2
p−q
μ2
p−q
ν3
p−q
μ3
p−q
νn
p−q
μn
p−q
ψ2 ψ3 ψn
ξ1 ξ2 ξ3 ξn
Figure 6. Bifurcation curves defined by the functions ξj (contin-
uous line), and ψj (dotted line) for the case q −1 and p 1.


d
1
λ
μ1
p−q
ν2
p−q
μ2
p−q
ν3
p−q
μ3
p−q
νn
p−q
μn
p−q
ψ2 ψ3 ψn
ξ1 ξ2 ξ3 ξn
Figure 7. Bifurcation curves defined by the functions ξj (contin-
uous line), and ψj (dotted line) for the case q −1, and 1 p
N+2
N−2
.
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