HARDY TYPE INEQUALITIES 23
For later reference we note the following consequences of (2.27):
( 2 . 2 9 ) | ? | S q ( l + | P ' | , | C ' | S q
2
( l
+
| p " | ) .
We next introduce a notion that allows us to estimate the term cSyv
in a natural way
Definition : Let V be the 1-semilocal closure of V . A norm | | . | | on P
is called admissible if , for some finite constant C and all u V and
all n £ C (I) , one has :
(2-30) | | nu||
a
s CCII u||2 + | | nPu||+ | | (|n|2 + |V|)u||) .
Clearly we can ( and we shall ) assume C chosen so that | | u|| is
less than C|| u||
?
for all u V .We shall be interested in taking | | . ||
as large as possible . It is clear that || . | | „1 is an admissible norm .
Hence we may assume , without loss of generality , that | | . | | ^ | | . j|wl
H
(because one may replace || . | | by | | . | | + | | . | | 1 ) .
Our estimates are valid without any direct assumption on the negative
part of Q . If , however , Q is only weakly unbounded below , there is a
standard choice of an admissible norm . This is the content of the next
lemma .
Lemma 2.8 : Assume that Q is the restriction to V of a 1-ultralocal opera-
tor , denoted also by Q , defined en V with values in H and satisfying
2
^
Q ^ -K(1+P ) as form on V for some K ^ 0 . Assume also that M is bounded
on I . Then
2 1/2
(2.3D ||u||
±
= [(1+K)|| u|| Hl + (u,L0u)3
is an admissible norm on V .
Proof : The last term on the r.h.s. of (2.31) is defined as
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