spiders 110 6, 227 of the, 113 , 232, 237, 239 , 271, 299 4 5, 76, 191 186 ex, 167 ash's, 116, 117 n, 120 bats, 216 Bayesian Nash equilibrium, see equi- librium beetles, 271 behavioral ecology, 231 best reply, 12, 17, 37, 53, 55, 174, 221 beta male, 274 bimatrix game, see game blood sharing, 216 blue jays, 223 bluffing, 299 by stomatopods, 286 bonanza, 252 branch (of tree of events), 179 Brouwer fixed-point theorem, 45 byproduct mutualism, see mutualism car pooling, 128, 140, 309 cellular automaton, 224 CFG, xxi, 127, 313 coreless, 144, 145, 160 improper, 158 simple, 165 characteristic function, 130 normalized, 131 characteristic function game, see CFG cheating, see defection circular triad, 274 coalition, 127-129, 131 collectively stable, see strategy commitment, 5 common end, 216, 301 common enemy, 211, 300 common knowledge, 52, 312 communication, 299 as precursor of cooperation, 121 363
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