Contents ix

§B.1. Complex numbers 159

§B.2. Analytic functions 160

§B.3. Meromorphic functions 163

§B.4. The complex exponential function 165

§B.5. Theorems in complex analysis 166

§B.6. Quotients of the complex plane 168

§B.7. Exercises 169

Appendix C. Projective space 171

§C.1. The projective line 171

§C.2. The projective plane 173

§C.3. Over an arbitrary field 174

§C.4. Curves in the projective plane 175

§C.5. Singular and smooth curves 176

Appendix D. The p-adic numbers 179

§D.1. Hensel’s lemma 181

§D.2. Exercises 182

Appendix E. Parametrization of torsion structures 185

Bibliography 189

Index 193