Electronic ISBN:  9781470404581 
Product Code:  MEMO/181/854.E 
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Book DetailsMemoirs of the American Mathematical SocietyVolume: 181; 2006; 99 ppMSC: Primary 03;
When attempting to generalize recursion theory to admissible ordinals, it may seem as if all classical priority constructions can be lifted to any admissible ordinal satisfying a sufficiently strong fragment of the replacement scheme. We show, however, that this is not always the case. In fact, there are some constructions which make an essential use of the notion of finiteness which cannot be replaced by the generalized notion of \(\alpha\)finiteness. As examples we discuss both codings of models of arithmetic into the recursively enumerable degrees, and nondistributive lattice embeddings into these degrees. We show that if an admissible ordinal \(\alpha\) is effectively close to \(\omega\) (where this closeness can be measured by size or by cofinality) then such constructions may be performed in the \(\alpha\)r.e. degrees, but otherwise they fail. The results of these constructions can be expressed in the firstorder language of partially ordered sets, and so these results also show that there are natural elementary differences between the structures of \(\alpha\)r.e. degrees for various classes of admissible ordinals \(\alpha\). Together with coding work which shows that for some \(\alpha\), the theory of the \(\alpha\)r.e. degrees is complicated, we get that for every admissible ordinal \(\alpha\), the \(\alpha\)r.e. degrees and the classical r.e. degrees are not elementarily equivalent.

Table of Contents

Chapters

1. Introduction

2. Coding into the R.E. degrees

3. Coding effective successor models

4. A negative result concerning effective successor models

5. A nonembedding result

6. Embedding the 131 lattice


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When attempting to generalize recursion theory to admissible ordinals, it may seem as if all classical priority constructions can be lifted to any admissible ordinal satisfying a sufficiently strong fragment of the replacement scheme. We show, however, that this is not always the case. In fact, there are some constructions which make an essential use of the notion of finiteness which cannot be replaced by the generalized notion of \(\alpha\)finiteness. As examples we discuss both codings of models of arithmetic into the recursively enumerable degrees, and nondistributive lattice embeddings into these degrees. We show that if an admissible ordinal \(\alpha\) is effectively close to \(\omega\) (where this closeness can be measured by size or by cofinality) then such constructions may be performed in the \(\alpha\)r.e. degrees, but otherwise they fail. The results of these constructions can be expressed in the firstorder language of partially ordered sets, and so these results also show that there are natural elementary differences between the structures of \(\alpha\)r.e. degrees for various classes of admissible ordinals \(\alpha\). Together with coding work which shows that for some \(\alpha\), the theory of the \(\alpha\)r.e. degrees is complicated, we get that for every admissible ordinal \(\alpha\), the \(\alpha\)r.e. degrees and the classical r.e. degrees are not elementarily equivalent.

Chapters

1. Introduction

2. Coding into the R.E. degrees

3. Coding effective successor models

4. A negative result concerning effective successor models

5. A nonembedding result

6. Embedding the 131 lattice